Saturday, January 21, 2012

Ebony opinion article: Stop Telling Women How to Not Get Raped

A supporter of First Response Action and also a Returned Peace Corps Volunteer passed along this opinion piece from Ebony Magazine, Stop Telling Women How to Not Get Raped: Our Victim Blaming Tactics Do Little to Prevent Sexual Assault. The author, Zerlina Maxwell, makes several poignant remarks.

There are some voices in the conversation about men and boys' involvement in anti-rape campaigns but those voices aren't nearly as loud as the messages that tell women to travel in packs, keep pepper spray in their purses, not to go out at night, to avoid downtown areas (especially alleys) and to stop dressing provocatively. These are all victim blaming messages. The U.S. (and the world) are in need of more men as advocates and messages targeting potential rapists.

Stop Telling Women How to Not Get Raped

Our Victim Blaming Tactics Do Little to Prevent Sexual Assault

Ebony Magazine

January 14, 2012

Zerlina Maxwell

New rule for 2012: No more ad campaigns and public service announcements targeted at women to teach them how to avoid rape. It’s not effective, it’s offensive, and it’s also a lie. Telling women that they can behave in a certain way to avoid rape creates a false sense of security and it isn’t the most effective way to lower the horrible statistics which show that 1 in 5 women will become victims of a completed or attempted rape in their lifetime. The numbers for African American women are even higher at nearly 1 in 4.

We need anti-rape campaigns that target young men and boys. Campaigns that teach them from a young age how to respect women, and ultimately themselves, and to never ever be rapists. In addition, we should implore our men and boys to call out their friends, relatives, and classmates for inappropriate behavior and create systems of accountability amongst them.

There are a number of men who do not understand what constitutes a “rape”, which is a consequence of the “stranger in the alley” falsehood presented in movies and popular culture. You don’t need a mask and a gun to sexually violate a woman. The truth is that rape can happen with a woman you are dating whom you’ve had sex with previously, in a monogamous relationship, and even in marriage. If one party withdraws consent at any time then it’s rape. Consent can be withdrawn by the words “no “or “stop” and in many states, a woman doesn’t have to say no at all. Consumption of alcohol can prevent a woman from being able to legally offer consent. Therefore, it is important for men and women alike to be very clear about their intentions and prioritize consent over the excitement of getting some.

Our community, much like society-at-large, needs a paradigm shift as it relates to our sexual assault prevention efforts. For so long all of our energy has been directed at women, teaching them to be more “ladylike” and to not be “promiscuous” to not drink too much or to not wear a skirt. Newsflash: men don’t decide to become rapists because they spot a woman dressed like a video vixen or because a girl has been sexually assertive.

How about we teach young men when a woman says stop, they stop? How about we teach young men that when a woman has too much to drink that they should not have sex with her, if for no other reason but to protect themselves from being accused of a crime? How about we teach young men that when they see their friends doing something inappropriate to intervene or to stop being friends? The culture that allows men to violate women will continue to flourish so long as there is no great social consequence for men who do so. And while many men punished for sexual assaults each year, countless others are able to commit rape and other crimes against women because we so often blame the victim instead of the guilty party.

Holding women and girls accountable for preventing sexual assault hasn’t worked and so long as men commit the majority of rapes, men need to be at the heart of our tactics for preventing them. Let’s stop teaching ‘how to avoid being a victim’ and instead, attack the culture that creates predators in the first place.

Zerlina Maxwell is a political analyst and staff writer for The Loop 21.

Monday, January 16, 2012

Volunteer Opinion Article Says Assault is 'part of the deal' in Peace Corps

A currently-serving Peace Corps Volunteer states in an opinion piece in the LA Times today that assaults are 'part of the deal' for Peace Corps Volunteers since they are a known risk in Peace Corps. The author says:

"Assaults, sexual and otherwise, are probably more likely to happen to us here in Guatemala than in the U.S. (depending on where in the States we hail from), but that's sort of part of the deal. There is no Peace Corps draft, after all; we sign up and agree to come, fully cognizant of the risks."

What do you think? Do Volunteers sign up to be assaulted? Read the full article below for more information. We welcome your comments.

First Response Action advocates for Peace Corps Volunteers who are survivors of assault and rape, but we also acknowledge that rates of sexual assault is a problem in the United States and is just as likely to happen. It would not be true to say that sexual assault is more likely in another country rather than the U.S. Recent studies show that 1 in 6 women will be victims of rape or attempted rape in their lifetimes.

Other countries may not have a functional system to collect data or they may suffer from vast under-reporting due to police corruption, victims' fear of retribution or a variety of other reasons. Host country nationals in countries where Peace Corps operates are assaulted without signing up for any kind of volunteer program. Americans who have not signed up for a volunteer program are also victims of rape and assault. Sexual violence is an international problem. First Response Action applauds Peace Corps for recognizing violence against Volunteers and making the proactive choice to support Volunteers.

Men and women in Peace Corps can have glaringly different experiences. While some men may be able to move through their communities to accolades of host country nationals or without a second look, many women and some men as well, are followed, stalked, harassed and live with the continual reminder of their gender.

Rape myths are prevalent in the United States as well as countries around the world. It is important for people to be educated on the dynamics of sexual violence so that they do not pass along misinformation or stereotypes. For more information, we recommend visiting the statistics page on RAINN's website.

The Peace Corps kids are all right
Peace Corps volunteers shouldn't be pulled out of Central America
By Jared Metzker
January 16, 2012

My mother, reacting to the recent spate of alarmist headlines about "raging" violence and increased security measures affecting Peace Corps volunteers in Central America, has taken to calling me on a near-nightly basis.

"Just needed to hear your voice," she says to explain the call.

"I'm fine, Mom," I respond.

Frankly, it's getting annoying.

It's not that I don't appreciate the chance to speak with my mother. What bothers me is knowing that she is seriously worried. No matter how much I try to persuade her otherwise, she is convinced my life is in constant danger. Never mind that only one volunteer has been murdered in Guatemala in the 40-plus years the Peace Corps has operated there; as far as she's concerned, it's a war zone. Let me tell you (and her, for the thousandth time!): Guatemala is not Afghanistan. Not even close.

Americans who ride the bus in Guatemala are indeed often targets of pickpockets on the hunt for money, cellphones, cameras and iPods. Volunteers are no exception to this rule, and most of us have been fleeced at least once. It's usually a nonviolent affair, though, and, aside from the hassle of having to fill out Peace Corps reimbursement slips, it's not a big deal.

Officially, however, every such incident is misleadingly categorized as a robbery, a term that by definition implies violence, real or threatened, and that makes the incidents seem much worse than they actually are. Consequently, the media latches on to the upward trend in this scary category of crimes and vaguely connect it to the real but unrelated horrors of the drug cartels — and scare the bejesus out of my mom.

Unfortunately, stoking the false perception of a volunteer population under siege has ramifications beyond my mother's ongoing descent into madness. The Peace Corps director decided last month to take a step back from the programs in Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. He has evacuated all Peace Corps workers from Honduras and is suspending the induction of new volunteers in Guatemala and El Salvador. From my perspective, based on being here, speaking to other volunteers and reading the Guatemalan press every day, these decisions seem unnecessary, even cowardly.

I am not saying violence against Peace Corps volunteers is unheard of or to be taken lightly. Serious calamities have affected some of my friends here. One of them was on a bus that was in a fatal accident, but he walked away uninjured, thank goodness. Assaults, sexual and otherwise, are probably more likely to happen to us here in Guatemala than in the U.S. (depending on where in the States we hail from), but that's sort of part of the deal. There is no Peace Corps draft, after all; we sign up and agree to come, fully cognizant of the risks. Furthermore, if we decide once we get here that it's more than we'd bargained for, we can leave at any time. Unlike in the case of the military, there is no such thing as a dishonorable discharge from the Peace Corps.

Before the Peace Corps' inception, some Americans wondered whether our "young men and tender young girls, reared in air-conditioned houses," could handle life in a poor country for two years. Fifty years later, with more than 200,000 current and former volunteers, the Peace Corps remains as clear evidence of America's best intentions with regard to foreign policy. Volunteers working in countries such as Guatemala do much to improve the United States' image abroad and often make significant contributions to the development of their host communities. The Peace Corps has proved itself to be a phenomenal idea, and, in contrast to our military endeavors over the last 50 years, its mission has never lacked approval from the American people, liberal and conservative alike.

As the U.S. passes through adverse times, it's important that we not lose sight of the ideals that made us great in the first place. The Peace Corps is a paragon of these ideals, and any decision to scale it back should be taken with full awareness of the damage that doing so would cause. In the case of those of us who are now finishing up our service, much of the work we started will be left unfinished because there will be no one to continue it, but it's more than that. Young Americans, and those young at heart, deserve the opportunity to venture unarmed and un-air-conditioned into developing countries to experience life as it presents itself to the majority of the human population. To deprive them of that opportunity unnecessarily is cowardly, and such cowardice — although perhaps appreciated by their mothers — is inexcusable considering the courage that potential volunteers exhibit just by signing up.

Jared Metzker is a Peace Corps volunteer in Guatemala. He graduated from the University of Oregon in 2009 with a bachelor's degree in political science. He reads the Los Angeles Times every day with breakfast.